Set of 5 silver cutlery (950), model with nets, decorated with a lion's head attached to the spoon and two eagle's heads above the escutcheon, monogrammed JC for Jean de Cambacérès ( 1753-1824), which can be found on an ewer by Biennais or on its bindings (see illustrations 3 and 4).
- For 3 spoons and 3 forks:
Silversmith: Pierre-Benoît Lorillon (received in 1788).
- For 2 spoons and 2 forks:
Paris, after 1838.
Silversmith: Jean-Baptiste Landry (insculpation in 1833).
Good condition, slight wear.
Total weight: 1013.77 g. L. 21 cm.
Jean Jacques Régis de Cambacérès (Montpellier, 1753-Paris, 1824), Duke of Parma, second consul then archchancellor of the Empire.
Editor of the notebooks of the nobility of Montpellier, president of the criminal court of Hérault (1789), Cambacérès was elected deputy to the Convention (1792), where he voted, but with reservations, for the death of the king (1793). He stigmatizes the betrayal of Dumouriez, calls for the arrest of the Girondins, then abstains from political activity. Very quickly, he became attached to the elaboration of the Civil Code, of which he presented the first sketches in August and October 1793. After 9-Thermidor, he became president of the Assembly and distinguished himself by his moderation towards the Robespierrists and the old Girondins. Member of the Council of Five Hundred, Minister of Justice after 30-Prairial (June 18, 1799), he was chosen by Sieyès, and at the request of Bonaparte, as second consul. Facing Lebrun, a man of the Ancien Régime, he embodies the revolutionary tradition. Archchancellor of the Empire (1804), Duke of Parma (1808), adviser to Napoleon I, he nevertheless rallied to the Bourbons in 1814, but resumed his functions in spite of himself during the Hundred Days. Exiled in 1815 as a regicide, he returned to France in 1818.